Research - Making Thinking Visible
How can classrooms become places of intellectual stimulation? Making Thinking Visible offers educators research-based solutions for creating just such cultures of thinking. This innovative book unravels the mysteries of thinking and its connection to understanding and engagement. It then takes readers inside diverse learning environments to show how thinking can be made visible at any grade level and across all subject areas through the use of effective questioning, listening, documentation, and facilitative structures called thinking routines. These routines, designed by researchers at Project Zero at Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Making Thinking Visible: How to Promote Engagement, Understanding, and Independence for All Learners
Authors: Mark Church, Karin Morrison, Ron Ritchhart
Shari Tishman is a researcher at Harvard Project Zero and a lecturer on education at HGSE. She is interested in understanding and designing environments and instructional approaches that help people learn how to think. Her research focuses on the development of thinking and understanding, learning in and through the arts, and learning in museums. Recent projects include: Artful Thinking, a program that helps classroom teachers use works of art in subjects across the curriculum in ways that strengthen student thinking and learning; and Visible Thinking, an approach to the teaching of thinking that emphasizes the development of thinking dispositions, the use of thinking routines, and the documentation of student thinking and learning; Learning in and from Museum Study Centers, an investigation into how visitors learn in the Harvard Art Museums study centers.
David Perkins is a founding member of Harvard Project Zero, a basic research project at the Harvard Graduate School of Education investigating human symbolic capacities and their development. Perkins conducts research on creativity in the arts and sciences, informal reasoning, problem solving, understanding, individual and organizational learning, and the teaching of thinking skills. He is actively involved in school change. Perkins is a cofounder of WIDE World, a distance learning initiative for practitioners. He is the author of numerous publications, including The Eureka Effect (about creativity), King Arthurs Round Table (about organizational intelligence and learning), and Making Learning Whole (a general framework for deepening education at all levels).
Related Articles on Making Thinking Visible
Many of the thinking routines and concepts from MTV and PZ are about slowing things down: allow students time to think. This is an interesting take on that concepts.
A great introduction to Artful Thinking by Shari Tishman. Shari, part of Harvard's Project Zero program, introduces us to learning how to develop depth in thinking my slowing down and using See-Think- Wonder thinking routine.
Related Articles on Learner-Centered Classrooms
Summary of Maryellen Weimer, PhD new book. Here she lists five characteristics of student-centric learning experiences and research behind it. Dr. Weimer's strong emphasis is "Learner-centered teachers teach students how to think."
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There are many charts that compare traditional teaching approaches and tools, with 21st century approaches and tools. The student-centric model emaphasizes two things: developing the students' skill set to learn how to think - making their thinking visible, and creating lessons that engage students in active and relavant learning experiences.